Glossary

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R

Treatment with high-energy rays (such as x-rays) to kill or shrink cancer cells. The radiation may come from outside the body (external radiation) or…
A measure of the frequency of occurrence of a phenomenon. In epidemiology, demography, and vital statistics, a rate is an expression of the frequency…
Rational use of medicines ensures that patients receive medications appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their own individual…
Rebate is a payment made to the purchaser after the transaction has occurred. Purchasers (either hospitals or pharmacies) receive a bulk refund from…
Process by which medications are removed from distribution channels and returned to the manufacturer due to safety concerns (such as inadvertent…
A group of medicines of the same active ingredient (ATC 5), in a given therapeutic class (ATC 4) or clustered based on a broader definition but still…
Price that is set in a reference price system, where the third party payer funds a maximum amount (= reference price), while the patient must pay the…
A reimbursement policy in which identical medicines (ATC 5 level) or similar medicines (ATC 4 level or other groups) are clustered (reference group…
A medicine which has been granted a marketing authorisation by a country or by the European Commission on the basis of submitted quality, pre-…
The direction of people to an appropriate facility, institution or specialist in a health system, such as a health centre or a hospital, when health…
Medicines which are eligible for reimbursement. Costs of reimbursable medicines may be fully covered by third party payers, or only partially (a…
Coverage of the cost of reimbursable medicines by a public payer (such as social health insurance / National Health Service).  In German: Erstattung…
Medicines eligible for reimbursement are often grouped according to selected characteristics, e.g. route of administration (oral, etc.), main…
A list that contains medicines with regard to their reimbursement status. They may either include medicines eligible for reimbursement (positive list…
The reimbursement market is the sub-market which includes medicines whose expenses covered by a third party payer.
Decision-making process on the reimbursement status, reimbursement price, reimbursement rate of medicines that involves the roles and the composition…
The maximum amount of a medicine paid for by a third party payer. In German: Erstattungspreis Der maximale Betrag der Ausgaben für ein Arzneimittel…
The percentage share of the price of a medicine or medical service that is reimbursed/subsidized by a public payer. The difference between the…
Evaluation process of a reimbursement decision (i.e. decision about the reimbursement status and reimbursement rates of medicines), which may, or may…
The reimbursement system which covers the majority of residents in a country, in some countries also referred to as “general” reimbursement.