Glossary

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B

A specific quantity of material produced in a process or series of processes so that it is expected to be homogeneous within specified limits. In the…
A measure or standard to which an activity, performance, service or result can be compared. Benchmarking is the term given to the process of…
Bioavailability means the rate and extent to which the active substance or active moiety is absorbed from a pharmaceutical form and becomes available…
Two medicinal products are bioequivalent if they are pharmaceutically equivalent or pharmaceutical alternatives and if their bioavailabilities after…
A characteristic that is objectively measured and evaluated as an indicator of normal biological processes, pathogenic processes, or pharmacologic…
A medicine that contains one or more active biological substances. A biological substance is produced by or extracted from a biological source and…
A biological medicine that is developed to be similar to an existing biological medicine (the 'reference medicine'). Biosimilar medicines can only be…
Practice of setting the price of a biosimilar medicine, in relationship to the reference medicine price, usually at a certain percentage lower than…
Practice of dispensing a biosimilar medicine instead of another equivalent and interchangeable biosimilar or biotechnological originator medicine at…
Any structure or body that is responsible for any aspect of the collection and testing of human blood or blood components, whatever their intended…
A branch pharmacy is attached to a pharmacy and is operated under its supervision. The branch pharmacy has its own independent premises and…
Name given for marketing purposes to any ready-prepared medicine placed on the market under a special name and in a special pack. A brand name may be…
A budget is an estimate of revenue and expenditure for a specified period. Budget impact refers to the total costs that pharmaceutical reimbursement…
Budget Impact Analysis is an essential part of a comprehensive economic assessment of a health care technology and is increasingly required, along…
Any product that has completed all processing stages up to, but not including, final packaging.
Bundling is a marketing strategy that involves offering several products for sale as one combined product.
The burden of disease is a measurement of the gap between a population’s current health and the optimal state where all people attain full life…