Glossary

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V

A sales tax on products collected in stages by enterprises. It is a wide-ranging tax usually designed to cover most or all goods and services,…
Through this policy authorities set the prices of a new medicine and/or decide on reimbursement based on the therapeutic value that a medicine offers…
A definition of quality that assesses the quality of provision, processes or outcomes against the monetary cost of making the provision, undertaking…
Measures applied by authorities (e.g. state, third party payers) or actors (e.g. hospitals) in order to affect and limit the amount of medicines…
Health insurance that is taken up and paid for at the discretion of individuals or employers on behalf of individuals. VHI can be offered by public…
Groups within a society facing higher risks of poverty and social exclusion compared to the general population. These vulnerable and marginalised…
In 2016, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria3 defined key and vulnerable populations as follows: Key populations: “…