Glossary

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I

A person's own perceptions, experience and evaluation of a disease or condition, or how he or she feels. For example, an individual may feel pain,…
A parameter that aims to describe, in a few numbers as much detail as possible about a system, to help understand, compare, predict, improve, and…
Pricing the same medicine differently based on the indication in which it is being used. Different variants for implementation have been proposed (e.…
Informal payments are payments to health care professionals in cash or in kind made outside official remuneration for these services by third party…
Administration, from a syringe or other rigid or collapsible container e.g. plastic bag, of a volume of sterile solution of an injectable medicine…
Sterile medicines intended for administration by bolus injection, perfusion or infusion by any of the following routes: intravenous, intramuscular,…
An in-patient is a patient who is formally admitted (or “hospitalised”) to an institution for treatment and/or care and stays for a minimum of one…
Is a concept bringing together inputs, delivery, management and organization of services related to diagnosis, treatment, care, rehabilitation and…
An interchangeable pharmaceutical product is one which is therapeutically equivalent to a comparator product and can be interchanged with the…
Mechanisms of cooperation between the hospital and the out-patient sector. In the pharmaceutical system of several countries, the provision of…
The practice of using the price(s) of identical medicines (ATC 5 level) or similar products (ATC 4 level) or even with therapeutic equivalent…
The WHO international standard diagnostic classification coding system used for all general epidemiological and many health management purposes. The…
A classification of health and health-related domains that describe body functions and structures, activities and participation. The domains are…
A classification of diseases, conditions and other reasons for attendance for primary care. This classification is an adaptation of the ICD but makes…
The official classification of the World Health Organisation of Family Doctors. It includes three elements of the doctor-patient encounter: the…
The shortened scientific name based on the active ingredient. WHO is responsible for assigning INNs to pharmaceutical substances. INN is a unique…
Requirements for prescribers (e.g. physicians) to prescribe a medicine by its INN, i.e. the active ingredient name instead of the brand name. INN…
Umbrella term for retailers of POM and OTC medicines who sell their products via the World Wide Web. Synonym: Online pharmacy