Glossary

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C

A group of over a hundred diseases that occur when malignant forms of abnormal cell growth develop in one or more body organs. Cancer arises after a…
Strictly speaking, the term "capitation'' refers only to a payment mechanism - paying a provider a specific sum of money for the ongoing care of a…
A type of price quotation, indicating the delivery of goods including cargo insurance to the named place of destination at seller's expense. In an…
A measure of the mix of cases being treated by a particular health care provider that is intended to reflect the patients' different needs for…
A geographic area defined and served by a health program or institution such as a hospital or community mental health centre, which is delineated on…
The ongoing provision of medical, functional, psychological, social, environmental and spiritual care services that enable people with serious and…
A disease which has one or more of the following characteristics: is permanent; leaves residual disability; is caused by no reversible pathological…
A policy where funds already paid by public payers to pharmaceutical companies, wholesalers or pharmacists have to be paid back to the third party…
A characteristic or variable that reflects how a patient feels, functions, or survives. Clinical endpoints are distinct measurements or analyses of…
A clinical path is a key tool for managing treatment processes. It is a network of multidisciplinary diagnostic treatment measures founded on…
The study of the effects of the pharmaceuticals in humans.
Any investigation in human subjects intended to discover or verify the clinical, pharmacological and/or other pharmacodynamic effects of an…
Cost-sharing in the form of a set proportion of the cost of a service. Cf. Out-of pocket payments
A medicine that contains more than one active ingredient. Cf. fixed dose combination (FDC) product   In German: Kombinationsprodukt Arzneimittel,…
Services and support to help people with care needs to live as independently as possible in their communities. Sometimes considered as synonym for…
Health care facility dispensing medicines (POM and OTC, reimbursable and non-reimbursable medicines) to out-patients. Pharmacies are subject to…
Conditions that exist at the same time as the primary condition in the same patient (e.g. hypertension is a co-morbidity of many conditions, such as…
A pricing policy in which prices are determined through competition of comparable medicines. Prices of the comparator products are a key element to…
A medical condition that arises during a course of treatment and is expected to increase the length of stay by at least one day for most patients.
The preparation and supply of a single unit of a product intended for immediate use by a specific consumer. Compounding may provide a solution to the…