Glossary

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F

Pricing policy, in which governments allow pharmaceutical companies to determine the price of the medicine they launch.
All activities consisting of the purchase and sale, warehousing, order preparation and delivery / distribution of the full assortment of medicines (…

G

A health professional, who may be a medical practitioner, nurse or other professional, who has the first encounter with an individual and controls…
Specific OTC medicines allowed for general sale might be sold by any retailer with the respective license. Usually, these are food shops, super- and…
A physician (medical doctor) who does not limit his/her practice to certain disease categories and assumes the responsibility for the provision of…
A medicine which has the same qualitative and quantitative composition in active substances and the same pharmaceutical form as the reference…
In many countries, the data cover all pharmaceutical consumption. However, several countries provide data covering only the community pharmaceutical…
Regulation, measures and initiatives, typically undertaken by the government authorities, to promote the use of generics and/or (licensed) off-…
Practice of setting the price of a generic in relationship to the original product medicine, usually at a certain percentage lower than the original…
Practice of substituting a medicine, whether marketed under a trade name or generic name (branded or unbranded generic), with a less expensive…
A method of hospital cost-containment in which participating hospitals must share a prospectively set budget. Method for allocating funds among…
A standard for the design, conduct, performance, monitoring, auditing, recording, analyses, and reporting of clinical trials that provides assurance…
Good distribution practices are that part of quality assurance that ensure that the quality of a pharmaceutical products is maintained through…
That part of quality assurance which ensures that pharmaceutical products are consistently produced and controlled to the quality standards…
The gross domestic product (GDP) is defined as the gross expenditure on the final uses of the domestic supply of goods and services valued at…
Formation of an alliance of several purchaser to negotiate product price based on increased volume. This includes bulk procurement through a tender…
A systematically developed tool which describes aspects of a patient's condition and the care to be given. A good guideline makes recommendations…

H

A set of organised surveillance procedures relating to serious adverse or unexpected events or reactions in donors or recipients of blood products,…
A state of complete physical, social and mental well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health is a resource for everyday…
A health care provider or health professional is an organisation or person who delivers proper health care in a systematic way professionally to any…