Glossary

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E

A system that aims to identify, filter and prioritise new and emerging health technologies, or new uses of existing interventions; to assess or…
Extent to which an intervention does more good than harm when provided under the usual circumstances of health care practice. Relative effectiveness…
Extent to which an intervention does more good than harm under ideal circumstances. Relative efficacy: can be defined as the extent to which an…
An ability to perform well or achieve a result without wasted energy, resources, effort, time or money thus the extent to which objectives are…
Reimbursement may depend on different criteria. Possible types of reimbursement:  »    Product-specific reimbursement: For each product it is decided…
Sudden unexpected onset of illness or injury which requires the immediate care and attention of a qualified physician, and which, if not treated…
The section of a health care facility for providing rapid treatment to victims of sudden illness or trauma.
End users can be patients, consumers, or professional who directly use the pharmaceutical product on patients/consumers.
Equitable access to medicines involves: a. a fair and non-discriminating access to needed medicines for all citizens; fair in the sense of being…
Essential medicines are those that satisfy the priority health care needs of the population. They are selected with due regard to public health…
The conscientious, explicit, and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients.
A substance, other than the active ingredient, which has been appropriately evaluated for safety and is included in a drug delivery system to: - aid…
The manufacturer’s posted price of a pharmaceutical or other products. In German: Fabriksabgabepreis / Herstellerpreis Preis, zu dem ein…
The manipulation by pharmacists of various medicine and chemical ingredients using traditional compounding techniques to produce suitable medicines…
The practice of using the price(s) of a medicine in one or several countries in order to derive a benchmark or reference price for the purposes of…

F

Payments to a provider (for example a general practitioner) for each act or service rendered. Synonym: Fee-for-service remuneration
An out-of-pocket payment in the form of a fixed amount (like for example a prescription fee) to be paid for a service, a medicine or a medical device…
A combination of two or more active substances in a fixed ratio of doses. This term is used generically to mean a particular combination of active…
Evidence-based expections on sales, budget requirements, demand, projected health gain/outcome and similar.
Framework agreements are arrangements between one or more buyers (authorities) and one or more suppliers (pharmaceutical industry, pharmacies) that…