Glossary

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D

A delivery chain is the system of organisations, people, technology, activities, information and resources involved in moving a product or service…
Schedule of quantities of a product (good/service) that potential buyer are willing and able to purchase at a given price during a certain period and…
Policies that are directed at stakeholders who prescribe (doctors), dispense (pharmacies) or ask for medicines (patients).
A classification system of hospital cases used to pay hospital services, regardless of the cost to the hospital to provide services. The system is…
Cross-country approach of setting the price of medicine in accordance with the ability-to-pay, and/or the economic situation of the involved…
Payments for goods and services which are not covered by a third party payer (including self-medication).
A measure of the burden of disease on a defined population and the effectiveness of the intervention. DALYs are advocates as an alternative to QALY…
A price reduction granted to specified purchasers under specific conditions prior to purchase.
A failure of the adaptive mechanisms of an organism to counteract adequately, normally or appropriately to stimuli and stresses to which the organism…
Eligibility for reimbursement is linked to the underlying disease which shall be treated.
Disinvestment relates to the process of withdrawing health resources, either partially or completely, from existing healthcare practices (including…
To supply a clinically appropriate medicine to a patient or care giver, usually against a written prescription, for self-administration or…
Physicians who have been granted the right to dispense medicines to their patients.
Normally a fixed fee that pharmacies are allowed to charge per prescribed item instead of or in addition to a percentage mark-up. The fee more…
Dispensing of pharmaceuticals via internet or posting services.
The division and movement of medicines from the premises of the manufacturer of such products, or another central point, to the end user thereof, or…
Persons or entities who are involved in the supply, delivery and logistics management of medicines (e.g. wholesalers, importers). Some distribution…
Reward for distribution actors (e.g. wholesalers, community) to pay them for their services rendered. Distribution remuneration can take the form of…
A tax levied on imports (goods that are imported from another country where they had been manufactured) and, in some cases, on exports by the customs…
Research on marketing, distribution, prescription, and use of medicines in a society, with special emphasis on the resulting medical, social and…