Glossary

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | V | W

C

Use of services and supplies. Consumption in health care is commonly examined in terms of pattern of use of a single service (e.g. number of visits…
The level of reimbursement depends on the expenses for medicines of a patient within a certain period of time (increasing reimbursement with rising…
The material employed in the packaging of a pharmaceutical product. Containers include primary, secondary and transportation containers. Containers…
Defined as the degree to which a series of discrete healthcare events is experienced as coherent and connected and consistent with the patient’s…
Insured patient’s contribution towards the cost of a medical service covered by the insurer. Can be expressed as a percentage of the total cost of…
Compares the cost of a medicinal intervention to its benefit. Both costs and benefits must be measured in the same monetary units (e.g. euro, dollars)
Measures taken to reduce expenditure or the growth rate of expenditure, or the unit cost of services. Cost-containment measures may be targeted to…
Value for money. A specific health care treatment is said to be “cost-effective” if it gives a greater health gain than could be achieved by using…
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) is an economic analysis that assesses both the costs and the effects of a health intervention. Costs are measured…
Cost-free medicines are products which are given to hospitals/hospital pharmacies in the course of the delivery without need for payment (e.g. from…
The cargo insurance and delivery of goods to the named port of destination (discharge) at the seller's expense. Buyer is responsible for the import…
Pricing policy that takes into account production costs, promotional expenses, research & development, administration costs, overheads and a…
A provision of health insurance or third party payment that requires the individual who is covered to pay part of the cost of health care received.…
The term counterfeit medical product describes a product with a false representation of its identity and/or Source. This applies to the product, its…
A measure of the extent to which the services rendered cover the potential need for those services in the community.
A binary coverage decision is conditioned upon the collection of additional population level evidence to support continues, expanded, or withdrawal…

D

Day care comprises medical and paramedical services delivered to patients that are formally admitted for diagnosis, treatment or other types of…
Initial expense up to a fixed amount which must be paid out-of pocket for a service or over a defined period of time by an insured person; then all…
A unit of measurement to specify the assumed average maintenance dose per day for a medicines used for its main indication in the adult. A DDD will…
Exclusion of a medicine from a medicine list (e.g. positive list), often resulting in exclusion from reimbursement. Synonym: delisting